Skip to main content Skip to navigation
Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology David Makin

Associate Professor and Undergraduate Director
Wilson-Short 117, WSU Pullman
509-335-2455
dmakin@wsu.edu
Curriculum Vitae 

 

Education

Ph.D, Criminal Justice and Criminology, 2012, Washington State University
M.S. Administration of Justice, 2004, University of Louisville
B.S. Criminal Justice, 2002, Pennsylvania State University

Recent Honors

President’s Award for Security, Washington State University, 2019

Outstanding Criminal Justice and Criminology Professor, Criminal Justice and Criminology | Washington State University, 2016, 2018, 2019, 2020

Outstanding Thesis Advisor Award, Honors College | Washington State University, 2016

Exceptional Professor Award for the College of Arts and Sciences, ASWSU Faculty and Staff Appreciation Day Awards, 2015

Guest Coach Recipient, WSU Student Athlete Development | Washington State University, 2015

Greg and Beth Pierce Fellowship Award, WSU Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, 2014

Profile (Linkedin| Research Gate| Twitter (@DavidMakinPHD)

David A. Makin, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor for the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at WSU. He is also a Research Faculty within the Washington State Institute for Criminal Justice (WSICJ), which is a collaboration with the Washington Association of Sheriffs and Police Chiefs and other public safety agencies to advance applied research and innovative public safety practices. In addition, Dr. Makin is also collaborating with the Division of Governmental Studies and Services (DGSS) at Washington State University. Dr. Makin has been with Washington State University for several years, after completing a Fellowship within the Southern Police Institute (SPI), a training institute for police executives and spending several years in the private sector. Dr. Makin is a recipient of several awards receiving the President’s Award for Security, Exceptional Professor Award for the College of Arts and Sciences, from the Associated Students of Washington State University and the Outstanding Thesis Advisor Award within the Honors College. Within the Department, Dr. Makin has received the Outstanding Criminal Justice Professor in 2016, 2018, 2019, and 2020.

Dr. Makin is the Lab Director the Complex Social Interaction Lab, which is dedicated to the analysis of recorded interactions within the public safety and security community. Using analytics (audio, video, and biometrics) and machine learning, the lab is working towards early warning systems, post-event analysis, and incident flagging for a range of public safety and security stakeholders. Current projects include: Post-Event Analysis of Use of Force, Presence of Procedural Justice in Police Encounters, Emotion and Decision Making, Contextualizing When Verbal De-escalation Fails, and Evaluating Training Efficacy.

Dr. Makin’s research expertise is the relationship between technology, society, and public safety. Specific research areas include: Technology and Police Practice (training, decision-making, incident management), Sustainable Technology Integration, Intelligence-Led Policing, Forensic Practice and Policy, Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice, Technological Deviance, and Advanced Research Methodologies. His work has been featured in a range of print and media outlets including national, state, and local news agencies and publications.

Examples of this research include Contextualizing Use of Force through Temporal Sequencing, the Pullman (WA) Police Department Smart Policing Initiative Public Safety Camera Project, Longitudinal Study of the Efficacy of the Basic Law Enforcement Academy in Washington State, National Evaluation of Genetic Evidence within Property Crime Scenes, and a Body-Worn Camera Program Implementation. Dr. Makin has acted in the capacity of Principal Investigator, Co-Investigator, and Collaborator on projects funded by Federal, State, and Private agencies, having received over $1.9 million in research grants since starting his career. Dr. Makin has experience in advanced research methods, having completed and took part in national assessments, program evaluations, and applied research spanning criminal justice agencies, social services, and school environments. Last, as a researcher, Dr. Makin has experience coordinating and conducting research in a diverse range of environments including projects within the states of Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Indiana, Montana, California, Idaho, and Washington State. Additionally, Dr. Makin through his comparative and international research has conducted research on Spain, and the regions of Africa and the Caribbean.

Dr. Makin teaches security related courses encompassing Policing (domestic, international, and comparative), Society and Justice, and Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice. Dr. Makin has received over $10,000 in grants to enhance teaching methodologies and improve student engagement. As well as teaching, Dr. Makin has extensive experience in developing educational material and training material.

Recent Grant Funding

Makin, David A. (Pi), Willits, Dale (Co-Pi), Bailey Rachel (Co-Pi), Dietrich, Bryce (Co-Pi) (2017-2019). Washington State University and Axon Technology Partnership. Equipment Transfer of 60 Body-Worn Cameras, Accessories, and Storage. Equipment equivalency of $~100,000.

Makin, David A. (Pi). Public Safety Fellowship. Pullman Police Department. $30,000.

Makin, David A. (Pi), Willits, Dale (Co-Pi), Brooks, Rachael (Co-Pi), Krishnamoorthy, Bala (Co-Pi) (2019). Examining Stress at the Street-Level: A Situational Analysis of Police-Community Interactions. College of Arts and Sciences: Mini Grant. $10,000.

Willits, Dale (Pi), Makin, David A. (Co-Pi), Hemmens, Craig (Co-Pi) (2018). Procedural Justice in Traffic Safety Stops. Washington State Traffic Safety Commission (WSTSC). $135,706 + $6,653 (Bridge Funding).

Makin, David A. (Pi), Willits, Dale (Co-Pi), Bailey Rachel (Co-Pi), Dietrich, Bryce (Co-Pi) (2017). Body-Worn Cameras and Officer Perceptions. Applied Physics Lab at John Hopkins University. $30,000. + $2,000 (Supplemental Funding)

Stohr, Mary (Pi), Hemmens, Craig (Co-Pi), Lovrich, Nicholas (Co-Pi), Makin, David A. (Co-Pi), Snyder, John (Co-Pi), Willits, Dale (Co-Pi), Wood, Darryl (Co-Pi). (2016). Effects of marijuana legalization on law enforcement and crime. U.S. Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice. $995,831

Makin, David (Pi), Willits Dale (Co-Pi), Bailey Rachel (Co-Pi). (2016). Grand Challenge Seed Grant. Office of Research – Washington State University. $52,000

Courses Taught

Undergraduate Courses: Realizing Justice in a Multicultural Society, Violence towards Women, Crime Prevention Strategies, Special Topics: Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice, & Introduction to Criminological Theory.

Graduate Courses: Seminar in Comparative Policing, International Policing, Policing and Society, Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice, & Criminal Justice Institutions

Research Interests

Technology and Police Practice (training, decision-making, incident management), Sustainable Technology Integration, Intelligence-Led Policing, Forensic Practice and Policy, Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice, Social Systematic Event Modeling, and Advanced Research Methodologies.

Media Interviews

National Police Foundation (2020, June). Police Body Cameras: What Have We Learned Over Ten Years of Deployment? National Police Foundation.

Quan, Douglas (2020, June). ‘To continue to partner with police … is to be complicit’: These academics want Canadian universities to cut ties with law enforcement. The Star

Heubl, Ben (2020, March). Investigation into body cameras finds nagging challenges for UK police. E&T: Engineering and Technology

Kuipers, Anthony (2020, March). Pullman police open to de-escalation. Daily News.

National Police Foundation (2020, January). National Police Foundation hosts conference on police body-worn cameras. National Police Foundation

Camden, Jim (2019, October). WSU study of connection between marijuana legalization, crime turns up surprises & WSU study investigates whether marijuana legalization leads to more or less crime. The Spokesman-Review & Seattle Times

Ellenbecker, Lauren (2019, April). Student plans app to reduce DUI rates. Daily Evergreen.

Prokop, Jessica (2019, March). Zoom in on the body camera debate in Clark County. The Columbian.

Aumen, Adrian (2019, March). Practical solutions to real crime issues. College of Arts and Sciences. Story Hub.

Hanrahan, Mark (2019, February). Inside the Spokane Police Department’s body camera program. KREM2.

Hanrahan, Mark (2019, February). Spokane police spent about $320K on body-camera storage per year. KREM2.

Glover, Jonathan (2019, February). As Spokane beefs up efforts to catch car thieves, some – including prolific one who targets Subarus – won’t stop. The Spokesman-Review

Ross, Dave (2018, December). Why criminal justice reform is gaining bipartisan support. KIRO 7

Silverberg, David (2018, September). What Legalized Cannabis in Colorado and Washington Can Teach Canada About Policing. Lift.CO

Horne, Deborah (2018, August). VIDEO: Kirkland man suspected of DUI dies. KIRO 7

Matarrese, Andy (2018, August). FBI data show Washington, Colorado closing more cases since legalization of marijuana. The Columbian.

Wells, Megan (2018, August).  How today’s BWC footage will shape tomorrow’s LEO training. PoliceOne

Ingraham, Christopher (2018. July). Does legal weed make police more effective? Washington Post.

KIRO 7 News (2018, July). WSU study: Cannabis legalization leads to positive policing changes. KIRO 7.

Criscione, Wilson (2018, July). New study suggests police are more effective in states with legal marijuana. Inlander.

Cabeza, Garrett (2018, July). Study: Marijuana legalization improves clearance rates for police. The Moscow -Pullman Daily News.

Herman, Valli (2018, July). Marijuana Legalization Allowed Police to Better Solve Other Cases, Criminology Study Finds. Marijuana.com

Privacy for Cops (2018, June). The Body Worn Camera Footage Shot Today Will be Used to Train the Officers of Tomorrow. Privacy for Cops

Gammon, Catharine (2018, April). The Science Behind Where Police Should Place Their Body Cameras. Inside Science

Cruden, Zara (2018, February). Prof studies body camera footage. The Daily Evergreen

Perry, Nancy (2017, Winter). 2018 Police Video Guide.  PoliceOne

Perry, Nancy (2017, October). How body camera footage can enhance officer training. PoliceOne

Aumen, Adrian (2017, September). Technology to the Rescue? USA Today

Combs, Pete (2017, July). Body Worm Camera Feature. KOMO News Radio.

Muir, Pat (2017, August 2). Block watch groups mean extra eyes on Yakima. Yakima Herald

Aumen, A. (2017, July 12). WSU developing innovative technology to improve policing, public safety. WSU News

WSU Academic Outreach and Innovation (2015, June). Excellent in Teaching Online Instructor Interview. Video. Academic Outreach and Innovation

Clark, Larry (2016). Police Training. Washington State Magazine

Glawe, Justin (2015, March 11). What’s Next for the Ferguson Police Department? Vice.

Spence, William, L. (2014, August 31). Cops’ body cameras prove popular. Lewsiton Tribune.

Kuipers, A (2014, May 3). Getting help when it’s too late: Mentally ill are entering the criminal justice system at a worrisome rate. Moscow-Pullman Daily News.

Weiford, L (2014, April 14). Mentally ill get handcuffs, not helping hand. WSU News.

Gillespie, K (2013, December 29). Rapist Christopher Reid uses social media to claim innocence. The Spokesman-Review.

Richards, O. (2013, April 11). Campus surveillance cameras help Pullman police. KREM.

Sestric, L. (2013). Six Flexible Degrees You Can Pursue While Working. Yahoo! Education.

Bowen, H. (2012, December 15). Eyes on Adams Mall. Daily News.

King, R. (2012, October 28). High-tech tools foiling low-tech bank robbers. The Daily Herald.

Warwick, J. (2012, September 18). Criminal justice students keep an eye on Adams Mall. The Daily Evergreen.

Research Projects

COMPLEX SOCIAL INTERACTIONS lab PROJECTS. Description – Project Topics include: Dialectic Analysis of Police-Community Interactions, Interrupting Conflict through Emotional Management, Delusional States and Use of Force, Understand the Broader Influence of the Body-Worn Camera on the Criminal Justice Process, Bystander Effects on Police Decision Making, Effects of Stress on Operational Effectiveness.

LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF CIVIL COMMITMENT. Description – Statewide Analysis of the Civil Commitment process in the state of Idaho with a focus on first points of contact with police officers.

IDAHO REGION II MENTAL HEALTH NEEDS ASSESSMENT. Description – Service provider and client needs assessment focusing on mental health including a Stress and Burnout assessment of clinicians.

SMART POLICING CCTV PROJECT (CO-INVESTIGATOR). Description – $300,000 grant for the implementation and evaluation of closed-circuit television cameras within a hot spot environment.

BODYWORN CAMERA PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT. Description – Preliminary assessment of the pilot program designed to evaluate the impact and the implementation issues associated with the TASER Axon FLEX system. Survey of command staff and patrol officers on the system and policy recommendations for the Chief of Police.

ADAMS MALL CCTV OPERATOR PROJECT. Description – Establishment of an operator program to monitor CCTV camera feeds from a remote location and formulation of an implementation assessment of the operator program.

EVALUATING THE EFFICACY OF PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING IN POLICE ACADEMY TRAINING (CO-INVESTIGATOR). Description – Outcome assessment of the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) model, implemented within the Washington State Basic Law Enforcement Academy (BLEA).

POLICE EXPERIENCE AND DNA FORENSICS: IN CONCERT OR AT ODDS: SEEKING PERFORMANCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY. Description – Project utilizes a mixed methodology reflecting a national survey, interviews, and case studies to determine the current state of genetic forensic analysis within property crime scenes, factors influencing officer decision-making, and investigative stakeholder outlook on the expansion of the practice. The qualitative method for interviews utilized interpretative phenomenological analysis.

Invited Presentations and Roundtables

External

Featured Presenter. Police Body Cameras: What have We Learned Over Ten Years of Deployment?
Robert Davis, National Police Foundation
National Police Foundation, 2020, Arlington, VA.

Featured Presenter. Police Experiences Under Legalization: Challenging Assumptions and Confirming Concerns.
John Batiste, Washington State Patrol
The Effects of Marijuana Legalization on Law Enforcement and Crime, 2019, Olympia, WA.

Featured Presenter. The Impact of I-502 on Public Safety: A Presentation to the Pullman Police Advisory Committee.
Pullman Police Advisory Committee, 2019, Pullman, WA.

Keynote Speaker. The US Department of Justice Body-Worn Camera (BWC) Policy and Implementation Program (PIP).
Michael D. White, PhD, Arizona State University
National BWC Training and Technical Assistance Meeting, 2019, Arlington, VA.

Featured Presenter. Maximizing the Application Uses of Your UAV Program
Major Christian P. Quinn, Fairfax County Police Department
Public Safety UAS and Counter Drone Conference, 2019, Miami, FL.

Featured Presenter. The Future of UAV Tech and Policy
Major Christian P. Quinn, Fairfax County Police Department
Public Safety UAS and Counter Drone Conference, 2019, Miami, FL.

Featured Presenter. Case Study: BWC Use of Force- Officer and Victim Injury
Lieutenant Dan Mark, City of Aurora – Aurora Police Department
The Body-Worn Camera Spring Summit, 2019, Miami, FL.

Featured Presenter. Body Worn Camera (BWC) Perception Study Phase 1 Report.
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
Body Worn Camera Perception Summit, 2018, Laurel, MD.

Featured Workshop Presenter. Enhancing Your Video Surveillance Technology and Implementation Policies
Moderator: Will White, Insight Exchange Network
Police Video Surveillance & Analytics Best Practices, 2018, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Featured Presenter. Operationalizing Body-Worn Camera Video to Enhance Intelligence-Led Policing
Moderator: Will White, Insight Exchange Network
Police Video Surveillance & Analytics Best Practices, 2018, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Invited Presenter. Preparing for a College Education in Criminology and Forensic Practice
Moderator. Shawn Schuler, AVID 8 / Academic Enrichment Teacher
Mountainside Middle School, 2018, Colbert, WA.

Featured Presenter. Body-Worn Camera Data – A Case Study Analysis in Practical Lessons Learned.
Moderator: Tim Hart, Financial Research Associates
Body-Worn Camera Fall Forum, 2018, Dallas, TX.

Featured Presenter: “NPSTC VTAG Working Group”
Moderator: Barry Luke, Deputy Executive Director, National Public Safety Telecommunications Council
July Meeting of the Working Group, 2018.

Featured Presenter: “VQiPS Workshop Wearable cameras Panel”
Video Quality in Public Safety (VQiPS) Workshop, 2018. Albuquerque, NM.

Featured Presenter. Converting Body-Worn Camera Footage into Actionable Data.
Moderator: Josh Krenz, Financial Research Associates
Body-Worn Camera Winter Forum, 2018, San Diego, CA.

Featured Presenter: “Works in Progress at Washington State University”
Axon Accelerate Conference, 2017 Scottsdale, AZ.

Featured Presenter: “NPSTC VTAG Working Group”
Moderator: Barry Luke, Deputy Executive Director, National Public Safety Telecommunications Council
October Meeting of the Working Group, 2016.

Featured Presenter: “VQiPS Workshop Body Worn Camera and Wearables Panel”
Moderator: Joe Heaps, Policy Advisor, U.S. Department of Justice
VQiPS Workshop, Department of Homeland Security, 2016. Seattle, WA.

Invited Participant: “Panel on Police Use of Violence
Moderator: Aman McLeod, College of Law
University of Idaho Law School, 2016, Moscow, ID.

Featured Presenter: “ACJS Doctoral Student Summit”.
Moderator: Heather L. Pfeifer, University of Baltimore
Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2016. Denver, CO.

Invited Presentation: “Tacoma Property Crimes Task Force”
Moderator: Karen Reed, Karen Reed Consulting LLC
November Meeting of the Taskforce, November, 2015

Featured Presenter: “The Pullman (WA) Smart Policing Initiative: Creating Benefit Opportunities in a Technology Project”.
Smart Policing Summit 2015, Washington, D.C.

Featured Presenter: “SAGE Junior Faculty teaching workshop”.
Moderator: Leah E. Daigle, Georgia State University
Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2015, Orlando, FL.

Featured Roundtable Participant: “Making Smart Policing Happen:  facing challenges in police agency organizational change”.
Moderator: Chip Coldren, CNA
Co-Discussants: Cambridge SPI, Chula Vista SPI, Las Vegas SPI, Lowell SPI, New Haven SPI, Pharr SPI, Phoenix SPI, Port St. Lucie SPI
Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2015, Orlando, FL.

Feature Roundtable Participant: “Sustainable Technology in Law Enforcement
Moderator: Marissa P. Levy, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Co-Discussants: Eric L. Piza, Rutgers University; Jeremy G. Carter, University of North Florida; Richard Parent, Simon Fraser University
Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. 2012, New York, NY.

Feature Speaker: Latah County Mental Health Group (October, 2014), Moscow, ID.

Feature Speaker: Latah County Mental Health Group (May, 2014), Moscow, ID.

Internal

Invited Talk: “Data-Driven Improvements to Public Safety: Leveraging Intelligent Systems to Evaluate Complex Social Interactions in Policing.
Research Council
Washington State University. 2020. Pullman, WA.

Invited Participant: “Incentivizing innovation at Washington State University”.
Office of the Provost, Faculty Senate, Office of Research, and the Entrepreneurial Faculty Ambassadors.
Washington State University. 2018. Pullman, WA.

Featured Presenter: “Deconstructing Complex Social Interactions and Improving Equity and Opportunity in Policing”.
Congressional/Legislative Staff Tour
Washington State University. 2018. Pullman, WA.

Invited Workshop Presenter: “Developing for Interdisciplinary Collaboration”
Moderator: Becky James, Office of Research Advancement and Partnerships
Office of Research Advancement and Partnerships. 2017. Pullman, WA.

Invited Participant: “The Effects of I-502 on Police Clearance Rates and Crime: Preliminary Time Series Analyses”
Cannabis Workshop Program. 2017. Spokane, WA.

Featured Presenter: “Active-learning success stories”.
Moderator: WSU Teaching Academy
Washington State University. 2016. Pullman, WA.

Invited Research Talk: English Department’s Colloquia Series
Moderator: Miriam Fernandez
Washington State University. 2015. Pullman, WA.

Featured Roundtable Presenter: “Wiley Writing Development Workshop”.
Graduate and Professional Writing Center Smith Center for Undergraduate Education
Washington State University February 20, 2015

Internal Conferences

Bernat, F., Makin, D.A., Shackelford, T. (2019). Civil Commitment Decisions in the State of Idaho, USA: Process, Outcomes, and Problems.  International Academy of Law and Mental Health Congress. Rome, Italy

Bailey, R., Makin, D., Willits, D., Dietrich, B., (2018). Does POV Overcome Racial Bias? Identification with Officers and Citizens and Evaluations of Their Behavior in Police Use of Force Videos. International Communication Association. Prague, Czech Republic.

Law Enforcement Education and Training Innovation: Preliminary Findings Derived from a Natural Experiment on the Efficacy of Problem Based Learning in Application to Police Academy Instruction: Shanghai International Academic Symposium 2012 on Police Education.  Presenters: Nicholas Lovrich and Solomon Zhao.

Research Project Team: Michael Gaffney, JD, Christina Sanders, MPA, Myla Moody (Walter), MA, David A. Makin, PhD, Dave Mather, M.A., Lt. Cheney Police Department (ret.)

Most Recent Publications

Wu, G., & Makin, D.A. (2020). The Differential Role of Stress on Police Officers’ Perceptions of Misconduct. Asian Journal of Criminology.

Makin, D.A., Meize, M.R., Willits, D.W., Stohr, M., Hemmens, C., Nordman, A., Stanton, D., Lovrich, N.P. (2020). The Impact of Recreational Marijuana Sales on Calls for Service: An Analysis of Neighboring Cities. Policing & Society. 10439463.2020.1773461

Makin, D. A., Willits, D., Brooks, R. (2020). Systematic Social Event Modeling: A Methodology for Analyzing Body-Worn Camera Footage. International Journal of Social Research Methodology.

Stanton, D., Lovrich, N., Makin, D., Stohr, M., Willits, D., Hemmens, C., & Meize, M. (2020). Cannabis legalization and the policing of boating under the influence in Washington state: Exploratory   research on marine officers’ perceptions. American Journal of Qualitative Research.

Stohr, M.K., Makin, D.A., Stanton, D., Hemmens, C., Willits, D., Lovrich N.P., Meize, M. Snyder, J. (2020). An Evolution Rather than a Revolution: Cannabis Legalization Implementation from the Perspective   of the Police in Washington State. Justice Evaluation Journal.

Stanton, D., Mei, X., Kim, S., Willits, D., Stohr, M., Hemmens, C., Wu, G., Lu, R., Makin, D., & Lovrich, N. (2020). The effect of marijuana legalization on jail populations in Washington State. Prison Journal.

Makin, D.A., & Ireland, L., (2019). The Secret Life of PETs: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Interest in Privacy Enhancing Technologies. Policing: An International Journal.

Lu, R., Willits, D., Stohr, M., Makin, D.A., Lovrich, N., Snyder, J., Stanton, D., Guangzhen, W., & Hemmens, G. (2019). The Cannabis Effect on Crime: Time-Series Analysis of Crime in Washington State. Justice Quarterly.

Boateng, F. D., Makin, D. A., Abess, G., & Wu, G. (2019). Speaking out: Officers speaking about police misconduct in Ghana. The Police Journal, 0032258X18768384.

Wu, G., & Makin, D. A. (2019). The Quagmire that is an Unwillingness to Report: Situating the Code of Silence within the Chinese Police Context. Criminal Justice and Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854819831732

Makin, D. A, Willits, D. Wu, G. DuBois, K., Lu, R., Stohr, M.K., Koslicki, W., Stanton, D., Hemmens, C., Snyder, J., Lovrich, N. (2019). Marijuana Legalization and Crime Clearance Rates: Testing Proponent Assertions in Colorado and Washington State. Police Quarterly. 1098611118786255

Koslicki, W. M., Makin, D. A., & Willits, D. (2019). When no one is watching: evaluating the impact of body-worn cameras on use of force incidents. Policing and Society, 1-14.

Makin, D. A., Willits, D, Koslicki, W., Brooks, R. Dietrich, B, Bailey, R. (2019). Contextual Determinants of Observed Negative Emotional States in Police-Community Interactions. Criminal Justice Behavior

Makin, D. A., Walker, A., & Campbell, C. M. (2018). Paying to Be Punished: A Statutory Analysis of Sex Offender Registration Fees. Criminal Justice Ethics

Makin, D. A., Bernat, F. P., & Lyons, J. A. (2018). Who decides civil commitments? A statewide analysis of initial hold requests. Victims & Offenders13(8), 1171-1192.

Makin, D. A., Walker, A. M., & Story, S. C. (2018). Are we interested? A trend analysis of sex offender internet registries. Criminal Justice Studies, 31(3), pp. 297-309.

Makin, D. A., & Bye, C. (2018). Commodification of Flesh: Data Visualization Techniques and Interest in the Licit Sex Industry. Deviant Behavior, 39(1), pp. 1-18.

Wu, G., Makin, D. A., Boateng, F. D., Abess, G., Yongtao, L. (2018). Police Integrity in China. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 41(5), pp. 563-577.

Willits, D. W., & Makin, D. A. (2018). Show Me What Happened: Analyzing Use of Force through Analysis of Body-Worn Camera Footage. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1), pp. 51–77.

Makin, D. A., & Marenin, O. (2017). Let’s Dance: Variations of Partnerships in Community Policing. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. 11(4), pp. 421–436.

Campbell, C. M., Makin, D. A., & Rijkhoff, S. A. (2017). A rhetorical balancing act: Popular punitivism in the Netherlands. Punishment & Society, 19(5), pp. 543–567.

Routh, D., Abess, G., Makin, D., Stohr, M. K., Hemmens, C., & Yoo, J. (2017). Transgender Inmates in Prisons A Review of Applicable Statutes and Policies. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 61(6), pp. 645–666.

Walker, A., Makin, D. A., & Morczek, A. L. (2016). Finding Lolita: A Comparative Analysis of Interest in Youth-Oriented Pornography. Sexuality & Culture, 20(3), pp. 1-27.

Boateng, F. D., & Makin, D. A. (2016). Where Do We Stand? An Exploratory Analysis of Confidence in African Court Systems. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(4), pp.132-153.

Makin, D. A. (2016). When the Watchers Are Watched: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis of Body Worn Cameras. Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice & Criminology, 4(1), pp.113-151.

Makin, D. A., Jenkins, G., & Gaffney, M. (2016). Civilizing Surveillance Practices: The Pullman Police Department Public Safety Camera Monitoring Internship Program. Journal of Applied Security Research11(3), pp. 249-266.

Makin, D. A., & Morczek, A. L. (2016). X Views and Counting Interest in Rape-Oriented Pornography as Gendered Microaggression. Journal of Interpersonal Violence31(12), pp. 2131-2155.

Makin, D. A. (2016). A Descriptive Analysis of a Problem-Based Learning Police Academy. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning10(1), 2. 10.7771/1541-5015.1544

Makin, D. A., & Morczek, A. L. (2015). The dark side of internet searches: A macro level assessment of rape culture. International Journal of Cyber Criminology9(1), pp. 1-23.

Bernat, F.P., & Makin, D.A. (2014). Cybercrime Theory and Discerning If There Is A Crime: The Case of Digital Piracy. International Review of Modern Sociology, 40(2), pp. 99-119.

Boateng, F. D., Makin, D. A., & Yoo, J. (2014). Let me speak: Officer perceptions of community members in Ghana. International Criminal Justice Review, 24(1), pp. 22–38.

Makin, D. A. (2013). Popular punitivism and cultural mediation: The case of Spain. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice41(3), 260-276.

Makin, D. A. (2012). Symbolic Evidence Collection or “If All Else Fails, Throw Some Dust Around. Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal, 3(3), pp. 126-138.

Makin, D. A., & Hoard, S. (2014). Understanding the Gender Gap in Domestic Terrorism Through Criminal Participation. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 25(5), pp. 1-22.

Higgins, G. E., & Makin, D. A. (2004). Self-control, deviant peers, and software piracy. Psychological reports95(3), pp. 921-931.

Higgins, G. E., & Makin, D. A. (2004). Does social learning theory condition the effects of low self-control on college students’ software piracy. Journal of Economic Crime Management2(2), pp. 1-22.

Books and Book Chapters

Dr. Makin’s new book:

Makin book cover