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Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology David Makin

Associate Professor
Johnson Tower 721, WSU Pullman
Curriculum Vitae 


PhD, Criminal Justice and Criminology, 2012, Washington State University
M.S. Administration of Justice, 2004, University of Louisville
B.S. Criminal Justice, 2002, Pennsylvania State University

Recent Honors

Outstanding Thesis Advisor Award, Honors College | Washington State University, 2016

Outstanding Criminal Justice Professor, Criminal Justice and Criminology | Washington State University, 2016

Exceptional Professor Award for the College of Arts and Sciences, ASWSU Faculty and Staff Appreciation Day Awards, 2015

Recent Grant Funding

Makin, David A. (Pi), Willits, Dale (Co-Pi), Bailey Rachel (Co-Pi), Dietrich, Bryce (Co-Pi). Washington State University and Axon Technology Partnership. Equipment Transfer of 60 Body-Worn Cameras, Accessories, and Storage. Equipment equivalency of $~100,000.

Willits, Dale (Pi), Makin, David A. (Co-Pi), Hemmens, Craig (Co-Pi). Procedural Justice in Traffic Safety Stops. Washington State Traffic Safety Commission (WSTSC). $135,706 + $6,653 (Bridge Funding).

Makin, David A. (Pi), Willits, Dale (Co-Pi), Bailey Rachel (Co-Pi), Dietrich, Bryce (Co-Pi). Body-Worn Cameras and Officer Perceptions. Applied Physics Lab at John Hopkins University. $30,000. + $2,000 (Supplemental Funding)

Research Team Current Funding

National Institute of Justice. $995,831

Stohr, Mary(Pi), Hemmens, Craig (Co-Pi), Lovrich, Nicholas (Co-Pi), Makin, David A. (Co-Pi), Snyder, John (Co-Pi), Willits, Dale (Co-Pi), Wood, Darryl (Co-Pi).

Profile (Linkedin| Research Gate| Twitter (@DavidMakinPHD)

David A. Makin, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor for the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at WSU. He is also a Research Faculty within the Washington State Institute for Criminal Justice (WSICJ), which is a collaboration with the Washington Association of Sheriffs and Police Chiefs and other public safety agencies to advance applied research and innovative public safety practices. In addition, Dr. Makin is Research Faculty within the Division of Governmental Studies and Services (DGSS) at Washington State University. Dr. Makin has been with Washington State University for several years, after completing a Fellowship within the Southern Police Institute (SPI), a training institute for police executives and spending several years in the private sector. Dr. Makin is a recipient of several awards receiving the 2015 Exceptional Professor Award for the College of Arts and Sciences, from the Associated Students of Washington State University and in 2016 receiving the Outstanding Thesis Advisor Award within the Honors College. Within the Department, Dr. Makin has received the Outstanding Criminal Justice Professor in 2016 and 2017.

Dr. Makin is the Lab Director the Complex Social Interaction Lab, which is dedicated to the analysis of recorded interactions within the public safety and security community. Through the use of analytics (audio, video, and biometrics) and machine learning, the lab is working towards early warning systems, post-event analysis, and incident flagging for a range of public safety and security stakeholders. Current projects include: Post-Event Analysis of Use of Force, Presence of Procedural Justice in Police Encounters, Emotion and Decision Making, Contextualizing When Verbal De-escalation Fails, and Evaluating Training Efficacy.

Dr. Makin’s research expertise is the relationship between technology, society, and public safety. Specific research areas include: Technology and Police Practice (training, decision-making, incident management), Sustainable Technology Integration, Intelligence-Led Policing, Forensic Practice and Policy, Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice, Technological Deviance, and Advanced Research Methodologies.

Examples of this research include Contextualizing Use of Force through Temporal Sequencing, the Pullman (WA) Police Department Smart Policing Initiative Public Safety Camera Project, Longitudinal Study of the Efficacy of the Basic Law Enforcement Academy in Washington State, National Evaluation of Genetic Evidence within Property Crime Scenes, and a Body-Worn Camera Program Implementation. Dr. Makin has acted in the capacity of Principal Investigator, Co-Investigator, and Collaborator on projects funded by Federal, State, and Private agencies, having received over $1.9 million in research grants since starting his career. Dr. Makin has experience in advanced research methods, having completed and took part in national assessments, program evaluations, and applied research spanning criminal justice agencies, social services, and school environments. Last, as a researcher, Dr. Makin has experience coordinating and conducting research in a diverse range of environments including projects within the states of Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Indiana, Montana, California, Idaho, and Washington State. Additionally, Dr. Makin through his comparative and international research has conducted research on Spain, and the regions of Africa and the Caribbean.

Dr. Makin teaches security related courses encompassing Policing (domestic, international, and comparative), Society and Justice, and Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice. Dr. Makin has received over $10,000 in grants to enhance teaching methodologies and improve student engagement. As well as teaching, Dr. Makin has extensive experience in developing educational material and training material.

Courses Taught

Undergraduate Courses: Realizing Justice in a Multicultural Society, Violence towards Women, Crime Prevention Strategies, Special Topics: Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice, & Introduction to Criminological Theory.

Graduate Courses: Seminar in Comparative Policing, International Policing, Policing and Society, Technology, Crime, and Criminal Justice, & Criminal Justice Institutions

Research Interests

Technology (body-worn cameras, forensics, machine learning) and police practice (training, decision-making, incident management); technology, crime, and criminal justice; the nexus between public safety and public health; and advanced research methodologies.

Media Interviews

Research Projects

COMPLEX SOCIAL INTERACTIONS lab PROJECTS. Description – Project Topics include: Dialectic Analysis of Police-Community Interactions, Interrupting Conflict through Emotional Management, Delusional States and Use of Force, Understand the Broader Influence of the Body-Worn Camera on the Criminal Justice Process, Bystander Effects on Police Decision Making, Effects of Stress on Operational Effectiveness.

LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF CIVIL COMMITMENT. Description – Statewide Analysis of the Civil Commitment process in the state of Idaho with a focus on first points of contact with police officers.

IDAHO REGION II MENTAL HEALTH NEEDS ASSESSMENT. Description – Service provider and client needs assessment focusing on mental health including a Stress and Burnout assessment of clinicians.

SMART POLICING CCTV PROJECT (CO-INVESTIGATOR). Description – $300,000 grant for the implementation and evaluation of closed-circuit television cameras within a hot spot environment.

BODYWORN CAMERA PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT. Description – Preliminary assessment of the pilot program designed to evaluate the impact and the implementation issues associated with the TASER Axon FLEX system. Survey of command staff and patrol officers on the system and policy recommendations for the Chief of Police.

ADAMS MALL CCTV OPERATOR PROJECT. Description – Establishment of an operator program to monitor CCTV camera feeds from a remote location and formulation of an implementation assessment of the operator program.

EVALUATING THE EFFICACY OF PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING IN POLICE ACADEMY TRAINING (CO-INVESTIGATOR). Description – Outcome assessment of the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) model, implemented within the Washington State Basic Law Enforcement Academy (BLEA).

POLICE EXPERIENCE AND DNA FORENSICS: IN CONCERT OR AT ODDS: SEEKING PERFORMANCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY. Description – Project utilizes a mixed methodology reflecting a national survey, interviews, and case studies to determine the current state of genetic forensic analysis within property crime scenes, factors influencing officer decision-making, and investigative stakeholder outlook on the expansion of the practice. The qualitative method for interviews utilized interpretative phenomenological analysis.

Invited Talks and Presentations


  • Featured Workshop Presenter. Enhancing Your Video Surveillance Technology and Implementation Policies
    • Moderator: Will White, Insight Exchange Network
    • Police Video Surveillance & Analytics Best Practices, 2018, Fort Lauderdale, FL
  • Featured Presenter. Operationalizing Body-Worn Camera Video to Enhance Intelligence-Led Policing
    • Moderator: Will White, Insight Exchange Network
    • Police Video Surveillance & Analytics Best Practices, 2018, Fort Lauderdale, FL
  • Invited Presenter. Preparing for a College Education in Criminology and Forensic Practice
    • Shawn Schuler, AVID 8 / Academic Enrichment Teacher
    • Mountainside Middle School, 2018, Colbert, WA
  • Featured Presenter. Body-Worn Camera Data – A Case Study Analysis in Practical Lessons Learned.
    • Moderator: Tim Hart, Financial Research Associates
    • Body-Worn Camera Fall Forum, 2018, Dallas, TX
  • Featured Presenter: “NPSTC VTAG Working Group”
    • Moderator: Barry Luke, Deputy Executive Director, National Public Safety Telecommunications Council
    • July Meeting of the Working Group, 2018.
  • Featured Presenter: “VQiPS Workshop Wearable cameras Panel”
    • Video Quality in Public Safety (VQiPS) Workshop, 2018. Albuquerque, NM
  • Featured Presenter. Converting Body-Worn Camera Footage into Actionable Data.
    • Moderator: Josh Krenz, Financial Research Associates
    • Body-Worn Camera Winter Forum, 2018, San Diego, CA
  • Featured Presenter: “Works in Progress at Washington State University”
    • Axon Accelerate Conference, 2017 Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Featured Presenter: “NPSTC VTAG Working Group”
    • Moderator: Barry Luke, Deputy Executive Director, National Public Safety Telecommunications Council
    • October Meeting of the Working Group, 2016.
  • Featured Presenter: “VQiPS Workshop Body Worn Camera and Wearables Panel”
    • Moderator: Joe Heaps, Policy Advisor, U.S. Department of Justice
    • VQiPS Workshop, Department of Homeland Security, 2016. Seattle, WA
  • Invited Participant: “Panel on Police Use of Violence
    • Moderator: Aman McLeod, College of Law
    • University of Idaho Law School, 2016, Moscow, ID
  • Featured Presenter: “ACJS Doctoral Student Summit”.
    • Moderator: Heather L. Pfeifer, University of Baltimore
    • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2016. Denver, CO.
  • Invited Presentation: “Tacoma Property Crimes Task Force”
    • Moderator: Karen Reed, Karen Reed Consulting LLC
    • November Meeting of the Taskforce, November, 2015
  • Featured Presenter: “The Pullman (WA) Smart Policing Initiative: Creating Benefit Opportunities in a Technology Project”.
    • Smart Policing Summit 2015, Washington, D.C
  • Featured Presenter: “SAGE Junior Faculty teaching workshop”.
    • Moderator: Leah E. Daigle, Georgia State University
    • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2015.Orlando, FL.
  • Featured Roundtable Participant: “Making Smart Policing Happen: facing challenges in police agency organizational change”.
    • Moderator: Chip Coldren, CNA
    • Co-Discussants: Cambridge SPI, Chula Vista SPI, Las Vegas SPI, Lowell SPI, New Haven SPI, Pharr SPI, Phoenix SPI, Port St. Lucie SPI
    • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2015.Orlando, FL.
  • Feature Roundtable Participant: “Sustainable Technology in Law Enforcement
    • Moderator: Marissa P. Levy, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
    • Co-Discussants: Eric L. Piza, Rutgers University; Jeremy G. Carter, University of North Florida; Richard Parent, Simon Fraser University
    • Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. 2012. New York, NY.
  • Feature Speaker: Latah County Mental Health Group (October, 2014). Moscow, ID.
  • Feature Speaker: Latah County Mental Health Group (May, 2014). Moscow, ID.


  • Featured Presenter: “Deconstructing Complex Social Interactions and Improving Equity and Opportunity in Policing”.
    • Congressional/Legislative Staff Tour
    • Washington State University. 2018. Pullman, WA.
  • Invited Workshop Presenter: “Developing for Interdisciplinary Collaboration”
    • Moderator: Becky James, Office of Research Advancement and Partnerships
    • Office of Research Advancement and Partnerships, 2017, Pullman, WA
  • Invited Participant: “The Effects of I-502 on Police Clearance Rates and Crime: Preliminary Time Series Analyses”
    • Cannabis Workshop Program, 2017 Spokane, WA
  • Featured Presenter: “Active-learning success stories”.
    • Moderator: WSU Teaching Academy
    • Washington State University. 2016. Pullman, WA.
  • Invited Research Talk: English Department’s Colloquia Series
    • Moderator: Miriam Fernandez
    • Washington State University. 2015. Pullman, WA.
  • Featured Roundtable Presenter: “Wiley Writing Development Workshop”.
    • Graduate and Professional Writing Center Smith Center for Undergraduate Education
    • Washington State University, February 20, 2015

Most Recent Publications

  • Makin, D. A., Bernat, F., & Lyons, J. (2018). Invisible Policing: A Statewide Assessment of Police Civil Commitment Requests. Victim and Offenders (Accepted)
  • Makin, D. A., Willits, D, Koslicki, W., Brooks, R. Dietrich, B, Bailey, R. (forthcoming). Contextual Determinants of Observed Negative Emotional States in Police-Community Interactions.     Criminal Justice Behavior (Accepted)
  • Makin, D. A., Walker, A. M., & Story, S. C. (2018). Are we interested? a trend analysis of sex offender internet registries. Criminal Justice Studies, 1-13.
  • Makin, D. A, Willits, D. Wu, G. DuBois, K., Lu, R., Stohr, M.K., Koslicki, W., Stanton, D., Hemmens, C., Snyder, Lovrich, N. (2018). Marijuana Legalization and Crime Clearance Rates: Testing Proponent Assertions in Colorado and Washington State. Police Quarterly. 1098611118786255
  • Boateng, F. D., Makin, D. A., Abess, G., & Wu, G. (2018). Speaking out: Officers speaking about police misconduct in Ghana. The Police Journal, 0032258X18768384.
  • Makin, D. A., & Bye, C. (2018). Commodification of Flesh: Data Visualization Techniques and Interest in the Licit Sex Industry. Deviant Behavior, 1-18.
  • Wu, G., Makin, D. A., Boateng, F. D., Abess, G., Yongtao, L. (2018). Police Integrity in China. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management
  • Willits, D. W., & Makin, D. A. (2018). Show Me What Happened: Analyzing Use of Force through Analysis of Body-Worn Camera Footage. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency,
  • Makin, D. A., & Marenin, O. (2017). Let’s Dance: Variations of Partnerships in Community Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.
  • Campbell, C. M., Makin, D. A., & Rijkhoff, S. A. (2017). A rhetorical balancing act: Popular punitivism in the Punishment & Society, 1462474516672882.
  • Routh, D., Abess, G., Makin, D., Stohr, M. K., Hemmens, C., & Yoo, J. (2017). Transgender Inmates in Prisons A Review of Applicable Statutes and Policies. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 0306624X15603745.
  • Walker, A., Makin, D. A., & Morczek, A. L. (2016). Finding Lolita: A Comparative Analysis of Interest in Youth-Oriented Pornography. Sexuality & Culture, 1-27.
  • Boateng, F. D., & Makin, D. A. (2016). Where Do We Stand? An Exploratory Analysis of Confidence in African Court Systems. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, Vol 5(4), 132-153.
  • Makin, D. A. (2016). When the Watchers Are Watched: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis of Body Worn Cameras. Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice & Criminology, Vol 4(1), 113-151.
  • Makin, D. A., Jenkins, G., & Gaffney, M. (2016). Civilizing Surveillance Practices: The Pullman    Police Department Public Safety Camera Monitoring Internship Program. Journal of Applied Security Research11(3), 249-266.
  • Makin, D. A., & Morczek, A. L. (2016). X Views and Counting Interest in Rape-Oriented       Pornography as Gendered Microaggression. Journal of Interpersonal Violence31(12), 2131-2155.
  • Makin, D. A. (2016). A Descriptive Analysis of a Problem-Based Learning Police        Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning10(1), 2.
  • Makin, D. A., & Morczek, A. L. (2015). The dark side of internet searches: A macro level       assessment of rape culture. International Journal of Cyber Criminology9(1), 1.
  • Bernat, F.P., & Makin, D.A. (2014). Cybercrime Theory and Discerning If There Is A Crime: The Case of Digital International Review of Modern Sociology, 40, 99-119.
  • Boateng, F. D., Makin, D. A., & Yoo, J. (2014). Let me speak: Officer perceptions of community members in Ghana. International Criminal Justice Review, 1057567714523780.
  • Makin, D. A. (2013). Popular punitivism and cultural mediation: The case of Spain. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice41(3), 260-276.
  • Makin, D. A. (2012). Symbolic Evidence Collection or “If All Else Fails, Throw Some Dust Around. Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal, 4, 126-138.
  • Makin, D. A., & Hoard, S. (2014). Understanding the Gender Gap in Domestic Terrorism Through Criminal Participation. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 0887403413478016.
  • Higgins, G. E., & Makin, D. A. (2004). Self-control, deviant peers, and software Psychological reports95(3), 921-931.
  • Higgins, G. E., & Makin, D. A. (2004). Does social learning theory condition the effects of low self-control on college students’ software piracy. Journal of Economic Crime Management2(2), 1-22.

Books and Book Chapters

Dr. Makin’s new book:

Makin book cover